Honey is a sweet liquid produced by honeybees from the nectar they gather from flowers via the complicated process of regurgitation and evaporation. It is one of the amazing gifts of nature.
Honey may be older than you think. The first signs of humans using honey dates back thousands of years, one of the evidence of humans harvesting honey is drawn on a rock wall in Valencia,Spain over 8,000 years ago.
Honey is made up of glucose, fructose, and minerals such as iron, calcium, phosphate, sodium, chlorine, potassium,magnesium. It is also fairly rich in vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, and B6.
Honey is rich in anti-oxidants and vitamins B6,C, niacin, thiamine and calcium. When taken in large amounts daily it will keep your body healthy and strong thus preventing it from an aging. It is also known for preventing memory decline and anxiety, which are among the causes of anti aging.
Though,the clear honey looks lucrative but is devoid of medicinal properties. On the other hand, raw honey looks milkier and has fine textured crystals; contains flecks made of pollen, honeycomb bits and broken bee wing fragments.
Types of Honey
There are several types of honey each with their own nutritional benefit and usage.
Manukahoney: It is a common natural healing agent that has been used for centuries as a topical antibiotic on wounds and acne. It can also be used for sore throats, colds, and other common ailments due to these properties. Other types of honey with antibacterial properties are eucalyptus and linden honey.
Acacia honey: It helps cleanse the liver and digestive tract.
Buckwheat honey: This type of honey usually darker in color than its other counterparts is full of antioxidants due to that deep color.
Neem honey: It has been used to treat high blood pressure and diabetes.
Chemistry of Honey
Honey is something of an oddity, in that, unlike most foods, it doesn’t spoil over time. In fact, the oldest known sample of honey, found in an Ancient Egyptian tomb and dated to approximately 3000 years ago, was still perfectly edible (supposedly*). What is it, then, that gives honey this unusual property?
To answer this question, we need to understand how bees make honey in the first place. Honey derives from plant nectar, which is a mix of various different sugars, proteins, and other compounds, in a water solution. Whilst nectar composition varies from plant to plant,and a range of chemical compounds are commonly present, often the dominant sugar is sucrose. This is actually exactly the same sugar as is found in your kitchen, as table sugar. The varying concentrations of the different components of nectar in different nectar is the reason that a range of types of honey are available, depending on which type of nectar the bees have predominantly been collecting.
Bees are the key intermediate step between nectar and honey. Worker bees will collect the nectar from flowers, and store it in their honey stomach – distinct from their normal stomach. Enzymes secreted from glands are then mixed with the nectar; these enzymes begin the breakdown of the sucrose in the nectar to simpler sugars. Sucrose is what we refer to as a disaccharide; it actually consists of two different simpler sugars, glucose and fructose,joined together. In the bee’s honey stomach, the sucrose molecules are gradually split by the enzymes into glucose and fructose.
Glucose and fructose can also be referred to as dextrose and levulose respectively. These two sugars are actually structural isomers, as they have the same chemical formula. The names ‘dextrose’ and‘levulose’ refer to their effect on plane-polarized light. Due to the difference in the arrangement of the atoms, dextrose rotates plane-polarized light to the right, whilst levulose rotates it to the left. The prefixes‘dextro-‘and ‘levulo-‘come from the Latin for right and left respectively.
Once the worker bee returns to the hive, it will regurgitate the nectar solution and pass it on to one of the house bees, who remain in the hive. The house bee will continue the process the worker bee started – for up to 20 minutes, it will regurgitate and re-drink the nectar,continuing to mix it with enzymes and breaking it down further. Whilst some sucrose will remain, the majority is broken down into glucose and fructose.
Once suitable breakdown has been achieved, the house bee deposits the nectar into the honeycomb in the hive. Then another important step in the process begins.Nectar can be up to 70% water, and this water must be evaporated in order to produce the consistency of honey that we’re all familiar with.
The bees achieve this by fanning the honeycomb with their wings in order to encourage rapid evaporation of the water from the nectar mixture. Eventually, the water content of the solution will drop to around 17%, vastly reduced from the content of the original nectar. The conversion of the watery nectar to syrupy honey takes between 1-3 days.
The water content of honey is a key factor in why it doesn’t spoil. At 17%, its water content is much lower than that of bacteria or fungi. Honey also has a low water activity;this is a measure of the amount of water in a substance that is available to support microbial growth. Water activity is on a scale of 0 to 1, with most moulds and bacteria being unable to grow under a water activity of 0.75. Honey has a water activity of 0.6. This, combined with the fact that its low water content dehydrates bacteria, makes it resistant to spoiling.
Another factor that helps honey avoid spoiling is its acidity. Its average pH is around 4; this acidity is contributed to by a number of acids, including formic acid and citric acid, but the dominant acid is gluconic acid, produced by the action of bee enzymes on some of the glucose molecules in the honey. This further boosts honey’s antibacterial properties, as many bacteria thrive in neutral rather than acidic conditions.
Hydrogen peroxide is also produce by the production of gluconic acid – this too can inhibit the growth of bacteria. Honey’s antibacterial properties are actually potent enough for it to be effective as an impromptu wound dressing.
On a final note, you might also notice that, overtime, honey tends to crystallize and solidify. Because honey’s water content is so low, it can be considered to be a super-saturated solution of the various sugars; a solution is considered saturated when as much solid as is possible has been dissolved in it. Over time, glucose will precipitate out of the solution, forming solid crystals. The honey is still perfectly fine to eat, and this doesn’t constitute spoilage – to revert it back to its liquid form, all that’s required is immersion in warm water for a few minutes.
Nutritional Values of Honey
Honeyis definitely more than just a simple sugar because it's rich in vitamins,minerals and other nutrients. Each tablespoon of honey contains about 60 to 64calories. The average composition of honey is about 80% carbohydrates, 18%water and 2% amino acids, vitamins, and minerals. A table spoon full honey thatweigh about 6.7gm has the following nutrient content:
Honey'scomposition is about 38.5% fructose and31% of glucose. It also containsmaltose, about 7.1% and sucrose, about 1.3%. Its water is content is roughly17%.
Health Benefits of Honey
The health benefits of honey are far more beyond than its taste. It is the powerhouse of powerful antioxidants, antiseptic,anti-bacterial, various minerals and almost all the vitamins. This astounding rich golden liquid is an alternative to sugar and is used for a number of reasons. It revitalizes a person from within, especially in summers. It is an instant energy booster and is used in cooking, skin care, hair care and various health related concerns. The wide range of honey properties allows us to use honey every day in different ways to improve our health. Discover below the health benefits of honey that can treat you well.
Exfoliation:The organic acid in honey like gluconic acid accelerates shedding dead skin cells just like a scrub but without mechanical rubbing. With age, dead cells stick to skin surface giving dull and patchy look because their shedding is delayed. Hence, honey might help in improving the dull, patchy look of your skin with regular use.
Dark circle remover: Mix one teaspoon of honey with one teaspoon of sweet almond oil and spread the mixture under the eyes. After about 20 minutes, wash the mixture off and followup with a light layer of organic coconut oil. Repeat this treatment a few times a week to keep your skin looking great.
Reduce the appearance of scars: Over time, a mixture of honey and baking soda can reduce the appearance of scars. Mix one tablespoon of honey with one tablespoon of baking soda. Apply the paste to a scar and let sit for about 30 minutes. Rinse with cool water and pat dry. Do this daily until the scar begins to fade.
Anti-ageing:Honey attributes its anti-ageing properties to skin repairing action, exfoliation, the amino acids and vitamin content. You can avail anti-aging benefits of honey by using this easy to make rejuvenating face pack.
Anti-acne: Honey reduces pimples especially the red ones due to its anti-bacterial properties. You can either put raw honey directly on pimples at night or try this supper-effective honey based anti-acne spot treatment.
Diaper rash cream: A New Zealand study investigated using topical pharmaceutical-grade manuka honey in place of traditional barrier cream for the treatment of redness, itching and inflammation. Researchers found that symptoms improved in a similar fashion to using a traditional barrier cream. To help prevent diaper rash, try adding equal parts of honey to your usual diaper cream and use daily.
Cuts and burns: Honey is used as an antiseptic,especially Manuka honey has been used in the patient of burns and resistant bacterial infections. You can put raw honey on minor burns, cuts,abrasion, boils, ringworm, etc. twice a day until they heal. Kindly note if honey has already absorbed moisture, it is unlikely to work as antiseptic.
Better heart health: Honey is easily digested and assimilated; it is the best sweet food, as it does not cause flatulence and can prevent it to a certain extent, promoting the activity of the bowels. It can be easily added to the five meals a day, and the texts of ayurveda recommended it in cases of arteriosclerosis and weak hearts.
As it would be unwise to leave such a hard-working organ as the heart without food over the long hours of the night,the ancient texts recommend taking, before going to bed, a glass of water with honey and lemon juice in it, and also to take it when awakening at night.Traditional ayurvedic experts recommend honey for cardiac pain and palpitation of the heart.
Anemia Treatment: Honey is remarkable in building hemoglobin in the body, which is largely due to the iron, copper and manganese contained in it. The ancient texts declare it beneficial in the treatment of anemia, as it helps maintain the right balance of hemoglobin and red blood corpuscles.
Improving pulmonary health: Ancient ayurvedic experts regarded honey as highly beneficial in the support of lung health and treatment of all imbalances of the lungs. The texts of ayurveda state that if a jug of honey is held under the nose of an asthma patient and he inhales the air that comes into contact with the honey, he starts breathing easier and deeper. The effects last for about an hour or so.
This is because honey contains a mixture of"higher" alcohols and ethereal oil, and the vapors given off by the mare soothing and beneficial to the asthma patients, according to ayurveda. It usually brings relief, whether the air flowing over the honey is inhaled or whether it is eaten or taken either in milk or water. Some ayurvedic experts recommend one-year-old honey for respiratory diseases.
Anti-viral: Honey is effective against viral infection especially Herpes zoster.Manuka honey, has potent inhibitory activity against the influenza virus,demonstrating a potential medicinal value. Synergistic effects of honey with known anti-influenza virus drugs such as zanamivir or oseltamivir were tested.
Cure Arthritic pain: Researches indicate that Arthritic patients when treated with a mixture of honey and cinnamon regularly in the morning on empty stomach, there was significant relief in pain of the patients.
Cure Oral diseases: Honey is regarded by ayurvedic experts as valuable in keeping the mouth healthy. Applied daily over the teeth and gums, it cleans and gives sparkle to the teeth. It prevents the deposit of tartar at the base of the teeth, and prevents decay and early falling of the teeth. Being a mild antiseptic, it prevents the growth of harmful microorganisms.
It also keeps the gums in a healthy state,increasing their vascularity. In case of ulcers in the oral cavity, honey helps in their early healing and prevents further sepsis and pyogenic infection-related bad odor and pus formation. Gargling with honey water is very useful in gingivitis due to inflammation of the gums.
Relieve a hangover: Because of its antioxidant properties, honey is said to neutralize the toxins created by consuming alcohol. The fructose in honey is thought to be the essential compound that helps the body break down alcohol into harmless byproducts.
Combat parasites: If you have parasites, try using a mixture of raw honey and apple cider vinegar.Simply add one tablespoon of apple cider vinegar and one tablespoon of honey to a glass of water and drink it down!
Stockpile for emergency: Are you building up an emergency food supply for the apocalypse? Honey should be in it! This food never spoils — collections of it have actually been found in ancient Egyptian tombs. It also provides the perfect balance of glucose and fructose for energy, along with a ton of healthy vitamins and enzymes.
Treat yeast infections: There is evidence that applying raw honey in and around the vagina can help get rid of yeast infections. Apply the honey, let it sit for 30 minutes, then wash it off in the bath or shower.
Fix fertility issues: Raw honey is also an effective natural remedy for fertility issues. It can be combined with raw goat milk to increase sperm counts in men. In women, it can increase chances of successful fertilization.
Aphrodisiac: Honey has beneficial effects on sexual health. It promotes testosterone production in men and the mineral boron present in honey aids the use of estrogen in women. In addition, a scientific study found that a three-ounce dose of honey significantly increased the level of nitric oxide, the chemical released in the blood during arousal.
Erectile dysfunction treatment: There are a few tried and tested home remedies that will help in easily getting rid of erectile dysfunction in men without any medication or surgery. The carrots, honey and egg mixture is a good home remedy to treat erectile dysfunction and to develop sexual desire in men.
- Add 2 tablespoons of honey, a half boiled egg and half a cup of finely chopped or grated carrots in a bowl.
- Mix this mixture very well and have it once every day.
- Consume this mixture daily for 30 to 45 days and you will find great improvements in your sexual desire.
Relieve morning sickness: Organic honey works to relieve morning sickness for pregnant mothers. A warm tea made with honey and ginger is highly effective at calming a pregnant mother’s tummy.
Hair conditioner: Honey makes for a great natural conditioner. Mix together 1/2 cup honey with 1/4 cup olive oil and warm slightly on the stove. Apply to your hair and then allow it to soak in by wrapping your hair in a towel. Once it is soaked in, rinse out-your hair, preferably with cool water.
Treats Coughs: Several studies have found that honey is a far more effective remedy for coughs compared to many over-the-counter cough medicines. Honey has strong antibacterial properties that help soothe sore throats and kill the bacteria that cause the infection.
To get quick relief from coughing, mix one tablespoon of honey with some fresh-squeezed lemon juice and drink this solution at regular intervals. You can also mix honey, lemon juice and a pinch of salt in a glass of lukewarm water and use it to gargle
Furthermore,You can make a very effective, tasty, natural cough syrup using the following ingredients: one cup of filtered water, 1/4 cup fresh ginger root, 1/4 cup marshmallow root, one tablespoon cinnamon, 1/4 cup freshly squeezed lemon juice and one cup honey. Pour the water into a saucepan and add the dried herbs.
Bring the mixture to a boil, then reduce to a simmer. Simmer until the volume is reduced by about half. Pour through a cheesecloth or fine mesh strainer to remove herbs. While the liquid is still warm, but not boiling, mix in the lemon juice and honey. Stir well and store in an airtight container in the refrigerator.
Beats Insomnia: Many people have trouble sleeping.Honey is a simple solution for this problem. Honey is a fat-digesting carbohydrate that stimulates the release of insulin and allows tryptophan to enter the brain easily.
Tryptophan is the compound that makes us sleepy. Simply have a glass of warm milk with honey before going to bed. Both honey and milk are tryptophan-containing foods.
Honey aids in indigestion: Besides purifying our bodies of toxins, honey dissolved in water also aids indigestion (acid or upset stomach)by easing the food passage from the intestines to the colon. It neutralizes the gas produced in the body and soothes the stomach suffering from the after-effects of overeating. Recent research convincingly shows that honey treatment may help stomach disorders such as ulcers and bacterial gastroenteritis.
Relieve acid reflux: Raw honey coats the lining of the esophagus and provides relief to the burning caused by acid reflux. In a report posted in the British Medical Journal, Professor Mahantayya V. Math found relief from reflux when he ingested five milliliters of honey.
Regulates Blood Sugar: Honey is sweet, but those who suffer from diabetes can enjoy it without a problem. In fact, honey can help regulate blood sugar levels due to the combination of fructose and glucose.Some types of honeys have a low hypoglycemic index. This means when such honey is consumed, it will not spike your blood sugar level fast.
Those suffering from Type 1 diabetes should eat one tablespoon of honey daily. At the same time, the minerals, vitamins and antioxidant properties in honey are highly beneficial. Plus, as it is sweeter, you are likely to use a lesser amount of honey than sugar.
Weight loss aid: When honey is consumed with warm water, it helps in digesting the fat that is per-accumulated in your body.Thus, it helps in reducing extra kilos.
Furthermore, honey and lemon together work wonders for controlling the body weight. Take a glass of lukewarm water. Add a tsp of honey, 3 tbsp of lemon juice and a pinch of black pepper to it. Mix it well and drink it on an empty stomach, every morning. It acts as a natural weight loss drink.
Boosts energy: Honey can instantly boost your energy level. Due to the natural sugars in honey, it provides a healthy source of calories and energy whenever the body needs them most.
It easily fights fatigue and solves the problem of low energy. At the same time,honey satisfies the body’s innate craving for something sweet. This means you can have honey without worrying about putting on extra weight. Next time you feel the urge to eat something sweet, simply have a tablespoon of raw, organic honey.
Improving eyesight: Honey has a long history of ayurvedic use for various eye ailments. Applied daily in the eyes,it improves the eyesight. It is very useful in the treatment of itching of the eyes, trachoma, conjunctivitis and other similar diseases. Its regular internal as well as external application will prevent glaucoma in the initial stage of the disease.
Treat insect bites: Mixing some lemon juice with honey makes a natural antiseptic solution; the natural sugar in honey kills the microorganisms, while the lemon partners with it to prevent bacteria from taking over. The combination will also reduce the swelling associated with insect bites, and decrease itchiness.
For best results, squeeze the juice of one lemon into two tablespoons of raw honey and spread on the infected area. Allow the mixture to remain on the skin until the swelling goes down. You’ll also notice a decrease in itchiness.
Anti-fungal:Honey especially Manuka honey can be used to treat fungal infections of skin commonly called as ringworm.
Moisturizer: Honey is hygroscopic like glycerine. Honey moisturizes your skin by absorbing water from the environment. Therefore, it should not be used alone especially in dry weather because it might extract water from your skin making it drier.
Skin repair: Honey helps in skin repair with the help of antioxidants that remove free radicals. These free radicals are produced in the skin on exposure to dust, pollution, stress,lack of sleep, the sun, disease, etc.
Reduce stress: Prepare a calming herbal brew using herbs like Melissa, passionflower and chamomile, and sweetened it with honey to enhance the calming effect. You can find here more natural remedies for stress and anxiety.
Infections in the mouth: Bacteria and viruses can cause oral infections that impact the teeth, gums, palate,tongue, lips and the inside of the cheeks. Oral infections are very common. In fact, infections that cause tooth decay are the second most common infectious conditions after the common cold.
Researchers in India have found that manuka honey worked just as well as commercial mouthwash, and better than chewing gum with xylitol, for reducing plaque levels. This they attribute to its outstanding antibacterial qualities. Manukahoney, taken orally, can help reduce gingivitis and keep the mouth healthy and free from harmful bacteria.
Reduces Muscle Fatigue: Athlete soften suffer from muscle fatigue, which can impact their performance level. But the problem can be solved easily with honey.
Honey can boost athletes’ performance and endurance levels and reduce muscle fatigue.This is due to the perfect combination of glucose and fructose in honey.Glucose is absorbed instantly by the body and provides immediate energy, while fructose is absorbed more slowly, providing sustained energy to the body.
Bad breath: If you suffer from bad breath, try a mixture of 1/4 cup water, one teaspoon raw honey and one teaspoon of lemon juice. Gargle for three minutes and spit out for fresh breath all day long.
Breast cancer treatment: There is some laboratory and animal research suggesting that tualang honey (from Malaysia) can suppress the growth of breast cancer cells. Although there is no reliable evidence demonstrating that this effect remains true in human clinical trials, it is reasonable to include honey as the sweetener of choice inpatients with breast cancer.
Protects against gastric lesions: Research shows that honey can prevent lesions caused by alcohol, NSAID painkillers and aspirin. If you take NSAID painkillers or aspirin, include a teaspoon or two of honey in your diet daily.
Topical antibiotic: Raw organic honey has been used as an antibiotic and topical treatment for abrasions and cuts for hundreds of years. For people with diabetic ulcers, it can be an effective treatment when many other topical treatments are unsuccessful.
Treat allergies: Research contends that locally produced honey helps greatly with seasonal allergies. Try adding a tablespoon of local honey (produced during the season you have your allergy problem) to a tea made with nettle leaf for extra allergy relief benefits.
Different Uses of Honey
Honey is a delicious and natural sweetener many of us are already familiar with. For those looking to eat fewer processed foods, honey may be a good natural choice as a sweetener.
Dessert and Baking Recipes: If you're looking for a cocktail sweetener, it's time to look beyond sugar. Honey is the perfect substitute for sugar in any meal or drink, but especially in desserts because of its natural sweetness. It’s great in flapjacks, cakes or cookies. When using honey instead of sugar for baking, you will often find that cakes and biscuits will be more dense because of honey’s delicious gloopiness. They will also be wonderfully moist, as honey helps the mix to retain moisture.
Folk medicine and wound research: In myths and folk medicine, honey has been used both orally and topically to treat various ailments including gastric disturbances, ulcers,skin wounds, and skin burns by ancient Greeks and Egyptians, and in Ayurveda and traditional Chinese medicine.
Sweet and Energy drinks:The naturally-occurring sugar in raw honey is a great source of energy for the body, minus all those calories which are linked to other sweet foods. Honey and water can also be used to suppress cravings for sugary cakes, pies or pastry.Adding honey to taste to your daily beverages will keep your energy levels up during the day.
- Add one table spoon of organic raw honey in a cup of warm (not hot) water and mix well.
- In this simple recipe, you can also add some freshly-squeezed lemon juice and some freshly ground cinnamon powder to enhance the taste.
- This honey-water drink should betaken on an empty stomach in the morning for best results.
Homemade dark chocolate: Dark chocolate is a delicious and healthy treat, in moderation. Make your own using honey (much better than sugar). Visit this site for an amazingly good recipe for some delicious little treats.
Make salad dressing: Ditch commercial salad dressing and try this delicious and healthy option instead.Combine equal parts raw honey, balsamic vinegar and olive oil into a jar and shake lightly. Add herbs, pepper and sea salt to taste.
Mix up caramel sauce: If you love a sweet treat from time to time, consider this amazingly healthy caramel sauce that uses honey. Check out the recipe here. I tried it, and it is so tasty you won’t believe it!
Fruit-preserver: Preserving your fruits with raw honey makes them so much healthier. Simply use one part honey to ten parts water and cover your berries in the mixture. Much better than sugar!
Makeup remover: Mix baking soda and honey together to make a paste and add a few drops of tea tree oil. Apply using a warm washcloth in a circular motion. Rinse with warm water.
Natural hair remover: Mix one tablespoon of honey with one tablespoon of lemon juice and three tablespoons of brown sugar in a microwave-safe bowl. Warm slightly in the microwave and allow mixture to cool, then apply to facial hair using a popsicle stick. Place a small piece of muslin cloth over the area and rub slightly.Apply a small amount of tea tree oil to the area where you removed the hair.
Water is essential for metabolic processes in the body to take place, so it is very important to get the right amount of this fluid in order to be healthy. And water is simply indispensable for proper hydration of the skin as well.
How to Check the Purity of Honey at Home?
If you want to enjoy most of the benefits derived from honey. The purity of honey is what you should consider before buying. There are some simple tests and experiments that can be performed at home, to verify the purity of honey. Find out which tests you should try!
Before carrying out any of tests, one basic and extremely simple “how to check the purity of honey”method is to read the label on the jar of honey, prior to its purchase.Manufacturers are required to mention the additives and additional substances that have been added to the produced honey.
Conducting tests for purity of honey at home
Honey’s wonderful, delicious variety works against you when you’re trying to find a simple test. Different types of pure honey can cover a large range of density, flammability, and other characteristics. While the following tests are based on true principles, in practice your results may be inconclusive. Try several of these tests to see if the honey fails or passes consistently. In many cases, you can get nothing more than a good guess. Ever stop to think about what’s in a bottle of honey?
In order to check the purity of honey at home, here’s what to do:
The Thumb Test
Here’s the procedure to do a thumb test:
- Put a small drop of the honey you have on your thumb
- Check to see if it spills or spreads around
- If it does, it is not pure
- Pure honey will stay intact on your thumb
The Water Test :
Here’s how to do the water test:
- Fill a glass with water
- Add one tablespoon of honey into the glass
- Adulterated or artificial honey will dissolve in water and you will see it around the glass
- Pure honey on the other hand will settle right at the bottom of your glass
The Flame Test :
Did you know that organic honey is flammable? Here’s a test to know 100% pure organic honey.
- Take a dry matchstick
- Dip its tip right into the honey
- Strike the stick on the matchbox as if to light it
- If the honey is pure, the matchstick will light with ease
- The flame will also keep burning off the honey
- However, if it is with impurities, it will not light because fake honey contains moisture as one of the impurities
These are some of the simple and common ways to test pure honey at home. Another common method to tell the difference is as follows: add some water and 2-3drops of vinegar essence into the honey and mix well. If the solution becomes foamy, that is definitely adulterated honey.
The Blotting paper Test
If honey has been diluted with water, it may be absorbed or leave a wet mark on an absorbent material such as blotting paper. Pure honey should not be absorbed, but unfortunately, neither will honey diluted with most sugar syrups.
Honey is a nutritious natural sweetener that also has proven therapeutic properties. Honey is much healthier than refined sugar. However,people should spend time finding for reliable place to buy honey because markets are flooded with low-quality honey. Raw and unsweetened honey should be used for the sake of our health.
Also, honey is suitable to consume with moderate amount due to the fact that it is quite high in calories as well as sugar.
Warning to Parents: However, remember to check with your pediatrician before giving honey to infants and/or any young children under the age of 1 years old. The Mayo Clinic warns that wild honey can be a potential source of infant botulism. This is a rare but serious gastrointestinal condition. The bacteria from the spores can grow and multiply in a baby’s intestines, producing a dangerous toxin.