Breast feeding  has  long-term  benefits  for  your  baby ,  lasting  right  into adulthood. Some new   research  has  found  that  breast milk  also support babies fighting against the life-threatening infection group B streptococcus and asthma symptoms.
A mother is feeding her baby

Breast milk is the best food for baby it’s no doubt. It has all kinds of nutrition for an infant need. Further breast feeding not only helps your baby but also it helps you in many aspects. Scientists have also proven that a new born baby only need breast milk up to the six months. Some new research has found that breast milk also support babies fighting against the life-threatening infection group B streptococcus and asthma symptoms.

Breastfeeding has long-term benefits for your baby, lasting right into adulthood. Giving nothing but breast milk is recommended for about the first six months (26 weeks) of your baby's life.After that, giving your baby breast milk alongside family foods for the first two years, or for as long as you and your baby want, will help them grow and develop healthily.

Breast milk adapts as your baby grows to meet your baby's changing needs.

"Any amount of breast milk has a positive effect," says Bridget Halnan, infant feeding lead in Cambridgeshire and Fellow of the Institute of Health Visiting.

"The longer you breastfeed, the longer the protection lasts and the greater the benefits.Formula milk doesn't provide the same protection from illness and doesn't give you any health benefits."

Some benefits of breast feeding for both infant and mother

A healthier baby: "The incidences of pneumonia, colds and viruses are reduced among breastfed babies," says infant-nutrition expert Ruth A. Lawrence.

Gastrointestinal infections like diarrhea—which can be devastating, especially in developing countries—are also less common.

Long-term protection: Breastfeed your baby and you reduce his risk of developing chronic conditions, such as type I diabetes, celiac disease and Crohn's disease.

Fewer problems with weight: It's more likely that neither of you will become obese if you breastfeed him.

A calorie incinerator: You may have heard that nursing burns up to 500 calories a day. And that's almost right. "Breast milk contains20 calories per ounce," Lawrence explains. "If you feed your baby 20ounces a day, that's 400 calories you've swept out of your body."

It's good for the earth: Dairy cows, which are raised in part to make infant formula, are a significant contributor to global warming. Their belching, manure and flatulence (really!)spew enormous amounts of methane, a harmful greenhouse gas, into the atmosphere.

You can stash the condoms—for now: Breastfeeding can be 98 percent to 99 percent effective as a post-baby birth control option if a few guidelines are followed: Your period must not have resumed; you must breastfeed at least every four hours around the clock; you must not give your baby any pacifiers, bottles or formula; and you must be less than six months postpartum.

Stronger bones: According to Lawrence, women who breastfeed have a lower risk of postmenopausal osteoporosis. "When a woman is pregnant and lactating, her body absorbs calcium much more efficiently," she explains. "So while some bones,particularly those in the spine and hips, may be a bit less dense at weaning,six months later, they are denser than before pregnancy."

Lower SIDS risk: Breastfeeding lowers your baby's risk of sudden infant death syndrome by about half.

There's nothing easier: Simply pull up your shirt and nurse. Breast milk is always available and always at the right temperature.

Benefits for all: According to a study published in the journal Pediatrics,the United States would save about $13 billion per year in medical costs if 90percent of U.S. families breastfed their newborns for at least six months.

Better friendships: "Breastfeeding helps cultivate relationships with other moms," Kelly says. Whether it's talking about parenting styles, nighttime feedings or engorgement, nursing allows women to forge positive postpartum relationships.Adds Kelly

A custom-made supply: Formula isn't able to change its constitution, but your breast milk morphs to meet your baby's changing needs. Colostrum—the "premilk" that comes in after you deliver—is chock-full of antibodies to protect your newborn baby."It's also higher in protein and lower in sugar than 'full' milk, so even a small amount can hold off your baby's hunger," says Heather Kelly, an international board-certified lactation consultant in New York City

More effective vaccines: Research shows that breastfed babies have a better antibody response to vaccines than formula-fed babies.

A menstruation vacation: Breastfeeding your baby around the clock—no bottles or formula— will delay ovulation, which means delayed menstruation. "Breastfeeding causes the release of prolactin, which keeps estrogen and progesterone at bay so ovulation isn't triggered," Kelly explains.

Less time off work: Your baby will be ill less often, so that means fewer sick days for you.

It's cheap:  According to La Leche League International, the cost of formula can range anywhere from $134 to$491 per month. That's $1,608 to $5,892 in one year!

A great way to learn about your baby: "You have to read your baby's 'satiety cues' a little better, because unlike with a bottle, you can't see how much he's eaten," Kelly says."You have to rely on your own instincts and your baby's behavior to know when your baby is full."

Better healing post delivery: The oxytocin released when your baby nurses helps your uterus contract,reducing post delivery blood loss. Plus, breastfeeding will help your uterus return to its normal size more quickly

Less risk of cancer: Breastfeeding can decrease your baby's risk of some childhood cancers. And you'll have a lower risk of premenopausal breast cancer and ovarian cancer, an often deadly disease that's on the rise.

An unmatched feeling of power: "It's empowering as a new mother to see your baby grow and thrive on your breast milk alone," Lawrence says.

Baby with streptococcos infections

Nearly about 1 in 4 expectant mothers carry GBS bacteria in their gastrointestinal tract or vagina. As such, early-onset infection in newborns most commonly occurs as a result of GBS bacteria being passed from mother to child during delivery.

Infection that occurs between the age of 1 week and 3 months - can arise as a result of the bacteria being passed from the mother, but it is more likely the infant has contracted the infection from elsewhere.

At present Scientists from Imperial College London in the United Kingdom have found that lacto-n-difucohexaose I - a type of naturally occurring sugar believed to be present in the breast milk of around half of women worldwide -could prevent babies from becoming infected with GBS.

Lead scientist Dr. Nicholas Andreas, of the Department of Medicine at Imperial, and colleagues publish their findings in the journal “Clinical & Translational Immunology”.


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