The pancreas is made of two glands that intimately mixed together into one organ.The major part of the pancreas is composed of “exocrine” cells that produce enzymes to help with the digestion of food. These exocrine cells release their enzymes into a series of progressively larger tubes (called ducts) that eventually join together to form the main pancreatic duct.
The second functional component of the pancreas is the "endocrine" pancreas. The endocrine pancreas is composed of small islands of cells, called the islets of Langerhans. These endocrine cells release hormones, such as insulin and glucagon, into the blood stream, and these hormones in turn help control blood sugar (glucose) levels.
Artificial Pancreas – a device which monitors blood glucose in patients with diabetics and automatically adjusts level of insulin entering the body –is likely to be available by 2018 scientists say. Currently available technology allows insulin pumps to deliver insulin to people with diabetics after taking reading from glucose meters but these two components are separate.It is the joining together of both parts into a closed loop that makes an artificial pancreas, researchers said.
The actual timeline to availability of the Artificial Pancreas, as with other medical devices, encompasses regulatory approvals of regulatory agencies such as US Food and Drug Administration (FDA),which is currently reviewing one proposed Artificial Pancreas with approval possibly as soon as 2017.The invention of artificial pancreas will be a great help for treatment of the diabetic patients who have pancreatic problems eventually.